The long-run and gender-equalizing impacts of school access: evidence from the first Indochina war
Hai-Anh Dang (),
Trung Xuan Hoang and
Ha Nguyen ()
No 8480, Policy Research Working Paper Series from The World Bank
Very few studies currently exist on the long-term impacts of schooling policies in developing countries. This paper examines the impacts -- half a century later -- of a mass education program conducted by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the occupied areas during the First Indochina War. Difference-in-difference estimation results suggest that school-age children who were exposed to the program obtained significantly higher levels of education than their peers who were residing in French-occupied areas. The impacts are statistically significant for school-age girls and not for school-age boys. The analysis finds beneficial spillover and inter-generational impacts of education: affected girls enjoyed higher household living standards, had more educated spouses, and raised more educated children. The paper discusses various robustness checks and extensions that support these findings.
Keywords: Educational Sciences; Armed Conflict; Educational Institutions&Facilities; Effective Schools and Teachers; Primary Education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (2021)
Working Paper: The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (2019)
Working Paper: The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (2018)
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