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The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War

Hai-Anh Dang (), Trung X. Hoang and Ha Nguyen ()

Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2021, vol. 70, issue 1, 453 - 484

Abstract: Few studies exist on the long-term impacts of schooling policies in developing countries. We examine the impacts—half a century later—of a mass education program conducted by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam during the First Indochina War (1946–54). Difference-in-differences estimates suggest that school-age children who were exposed to the program obtained significantly more education than their peers who were residing in French-occupied areas. Although we cannot reject the null hypothesis of equal impacts at standard significance levels, when estimated separately, the impacts are statistically significant for school-age girls and not for school-age boys. Various robustness checks support these findings.

Date: 2021
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The long-run and gender-equalizing impacts of school access: evidence from the first Indochina war (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War (2018) Downloads
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