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Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services

Carmen Fillat-Castejon (), Joseph Francois and Julia Wörz
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Julia Maria Woerz ()

No 50, wiiw Working Papers from The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw

Abstract: Working with a panel dataset of OECD countries over the decade 1994-2004, we examine linkages between cross-border trade and FDI in the services sectors. We first develop a consistent analytical framework for the application of the gravity model to both services trade and commercial presence (i.e. FDI), using a composite model of delivery that offers testable hypotheses about the roles of different modes of services supply as complements or substitutes. We further link our estimates to policy variables measuring market regulations that may act directly or implicitly as barriers to trade. We find robust evidence of complementary effects in the short run, which is reinforced in the long run by an increased potential for cross-border imports based on previous FDI inflows. A detailed analysis by individual services sectors highlights business, communication and financial services as showing the largest potential for cross-border trade when market regulations are reduced and when commercial presence increases.

Keywords: FDI; imports; services; panel data; substitution and complementary effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F14 F21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
Date: 2009-02
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8) Track citations by RSS feed

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Working Paper: Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services (2008) Downloads
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