The role of space in urban housing market
Eduardo Castro () and
Arnab Bhattacharjee ()
ERSA conference papers from European Regional Science Association
This presentation emphasizes the quantitative analysis of space in relation to hedonic housing price models. Three aspects of space will be highlighted: i) spatial heterogeneity (spatial patterns): hedonic housing amenities may be valued differently in different locations which are related to specific housing sub-markets; ii) spatial dependence (spillovers): the degree by which price increases (or decreases) in a given sub-market is influenced by other sub-markets, or by another property within the same sub-market. iii) spatial scale: the study of heterogeneity and spillovers crucially depends on the level of geographical scale at which submarkets are defined. In the literature the difficulty of defining sub-markets and understanding the relationship between them is broadly identified, and appropriate methods for defining housing markets are also presented. However, there is not a consensus on which methodologies should be used. As a contribution to understand spatial structure (heterogeneity and spillovers) in urban spaces some empirical results will be presented. A new methodology to analyse spatial spillovers [rather than an ex ante definition of a spatial weight matrix (W)] will be developed. This procedure based on non-parametric approach will be applied to a rich database. An interesting outcome of this methodology is possibility of finding meaningful values of negative interaction.
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