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Village versus Market Social Capital: An Approach to Development

Krishna Kumar () and John Matsusaka ()

Development and Comp Systems from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper presents a model of an economy in which traders use social capital to reduce transaction costs. A key assumption is that there are two types of social capital: “village” capital relies on personal networks and repeat play to guarantee contracts; “market” capital relies on third parties such as auditors and courts and is necessary for effective market institutions. Village capital is efficient for localized economies; market capital allows trade between strangers and greater specialization. The model shows how complementarity of social capital can prevent a village economy from transitioning to a market economy (industrializing) when market exchange becomes more efficient. The model helps understand persistent differences in wealth between countries and the reversal of economic fortune across countries in the last 500 years.

Keywords: Human capital; Transactions; Institutions; Dynamics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O P (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2004-08-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-pke
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 50
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (16) Track citations by RSS feed

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0408003

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