EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Modern Money

L. Randall Wray

Macroeconomics from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: All modern economies have a "chartalist" or "state" money, as acknowledged by Friedrich Knapp and J.M. Keynes. In this paper, I examine the "history" of money to shed light on its origins. I also examine in detail the views of those who accepted the chartalist, or state, approach to money, from Adam Smith to Knapp and Keynes, with some discussion of the views of Hyman Minsky and Abba Lerner. This is then linked to Lerner's "functional finance" approach to money and government spending. I next explore the implications of "modern money" for government policy, and show see that much economic analysis reaches erroneous conclusions because it fails to recognize the nature of modern money. The state "defines" money when it chooses that in which taxes must be paid. Government spending is the most important determinant of the supply of base money; government deficits are the most important source of net money holdings. This stands in stark contrast to traditional analysis, for fiscal policy is the primary determinant of the money supply. On the other hand, monetary policy determines the short term interest rate. Because government deficits increase bank reserves, monetary policy is required to offer an interest-earning alternative to excess reserves; essentially, monetary policy consists of sales of government bonds (by the Treasury and Central Bank) to "drain" excess reserves in order to hit the interest rate target established for monetary policy. Thus, bond sales are not a part of fiscal policy, nor are they needed to "finance" government deficits. This analysis then leads to several interesting policy conclusions regarding importance of government deficits and debts, as well as proposals to promote full employment.

JEL-codes: E (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mon
Date: 1998-10-15
Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC; to print on PostScript; pages: 26; figures: included
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (16) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/mac/papers/9810/9810002.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Modern Money (1998) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9810002

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Macroeconomics from University Library of Munich, Germany
Bibliographic data for series maintained by EconWPA ().

 
Page updated 2019-09-29
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9810002