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Fairness considerations in labor union wage setting: A theoretical analysis

Matthias Strifler and Thomas Beissinger ()

No 56-2012, FZID Discussion Papers from University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID)

Abstract: We consider a theoretical model in which unions not only take the outside option into account, but also base their wage-setting decisions on an internal reference, called the fairness reference. Wage and employment outcomes and the shape of the aggregate wagesetting curve depend on the weight and the size of the fairness reference relative to the outside option. If the fairness reference is relatively high compared to the outside option, higher wages and lower employment than in the standard model will prevail. If hit by an adverse technology shock, the economy will then react with a stronger downward adjustment in employment, whereas real wages are more rigid than in the standard model. With a low fairness reference the opposite results are obtained. An increase in the fairness weight amplifies the deviations of wages and employment from those of the standard model. It also leads to an increase in the degree of real wage rigidity if the fairness reference is high and an increase in the degree of real wage flexibility if the fairness reference is low. Thus, higher wages go hand in hand with more pronounced wage stickiness.

Keywords: Labor Unions; Fairness; Wage Rigidity; Wage Flexibility; Wage Stickiness; Wage-Setting Curve; Wage-Setting Process; Unemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J51 J64 E24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme and nep-lab
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Related works:
Journal Article: Fairness Considerations in Labor Union Wage Setting – A Theoretical Analysis (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Fairness Considerations in Labor Union Wage Setting: A Theoretical Analysis (2012) Downloads
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