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Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam

Hai-Anh Dang (), Masako Hiraga and Cuong Nguyen ()

No 349, GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Abstract: Little literature currently exists on the effects of childcare use on maternal labor market outcomes in a developing country context, and recent studies offer mixed results. We attempt to fill these gaps by analyzing several of the latest rounds of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey spanning the early to mid-2010s. Addressing endogeneity issues with a regression discontinuity estimator based on children’s birth months, we find a sizable effect of childcare attendance on women’s labor market outcomes, including their total annual wages, household income, and poverty status. The effects of childcare attendance differ by women’s characteristics and are particularly strong for younger, more educated women. Furthermore, childcare has a medium-term effect and positively impacts men’s labor market outcomes as well.

Keywords: Gender equality; child care; maternal employment; women’s empowerment; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H42 J13 J16 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lab, nep-sea and nep-tra
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/196844/1/GLO-DP-0349.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Childcare and maternal employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:glodps:349

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