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Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam

Hai-Anh Dang (), Masako Hiraga () and Cuong Nguyen ()
Additional contact information
Masako Hiraga: World Bank

No 12814, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Little literature currently exists on the effects of childcare use on maternal labor market outcomes in a developing country context, and the few recent studies offer mixed results. We attempt to fill these gaps by analyzing several latest rounds of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey spanning the early to mid-2010s. Addressing endogeneity issues with a regression discontinuity estimator based on children's birth months, we find a sizable effect of childcare attendance on women's labor market outcomes, including their total annual wages, household income, and poverty status. The effects of childcare attendance differ by women's characteristics and are particularly strong for younger, more educated women. Furthermore, we also find that childcare has a medium-term effect.

Keywords: maternal employment; child care; gender equality; women's empowerment; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H42 J13 J16 J22 O0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 54 pages
Date: 2019-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-lab, nep-sea and nep-tra
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Published - published in: World Development, 2022, 159, 106022

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https://docs.iza.org/dp12814.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Childcare and Maternal Employment: Evidence from Vietnam (2019) Downloads
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