EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS

Martin R. West and Ludger Wößmann
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Ludger Woessmann ()

No 1099, Kiel Working Papers from Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)

Abstract: We employ a combination of school fixed effects and IV estimation to estimate the effect of class size on student performance in 18 countries. Using the random part of the class-size variation between two adjacent grades within individual schools allows us to identify causal class-size effects. Conventional estimates of class-size effects are shown to be severely biased in most school systems by within- and between-school sorting of students. Differences in our estimates across countries suggest that it is misleading to generalize results from one school system to others. While we find sizable beneficial effects of smaller classes in Greece and Iceland, the possibility of even small effects is rejected in Japan and Singapore. In 11 countries, we rule out large class-size effects. The existence of class-size effects, and the lack thereof, in different school systems appears to be related to the relative quality of the teaching force.

Keywords: educational production; class size; student sorting; school fixed effects; instrumental variables; TIMSS (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (23) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/17754/1/kap1099.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS (2006)
Working Paper: Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS (2002) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1099

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Kiel Working Papers from Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-08
Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1099