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Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS

Ludger Woessmann () and Martin R. West ()
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Martin R. West: Harvard Graduate School of Education

No 485, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We estimate the effect of class size on student performance in 18 countries, combining school fixed effects and instrumental variables to identify random class-size variation between two adjacent grades within individual schools. Conventional estimates of class-size effects are shown to be severely biased by the non-random placement of students between and within schools. Smaller classes exhibit beneficial effects only in countries with relatively low teacher salaries. While we find sizable beneficial effects of smaller classes in Greece and Iceland, the possibility of even small effects is rejected in Japan and Singapore. In 11 countries, we rule out large class-size effects.

Keywords: educational production; class size; student sorting; school fixed effects; instrumental variables; TIMSS (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 66 pages
Date: 2002-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab
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Published in: European Economic Review, 2006, 50 (3), 695-736

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Related works:
Journal Article: Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS (2006)
Working Paper: Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in TIMSS (2002) Downloads
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