ICT and the demand for energy: Evidence from OECD countries
Patrick Schulte () and
No 13-116, ZEW Discussion Papers from ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research
This paper analyzes the relationship between information and communication technology (ICT) and energy demand. We construct a comprehensive cross-country cross-industry panel data set covering 13 years, 10 OECD countries, and 27 industries. Using up to 2889 country-industry observations, we find that: (1) ICT capital is associated with a significant reduction in energy demand. (2) This relationship differs with regard to different types of energy. ICT use is not significantly correlated with electricity demand, but is significantly related to a reduction in non-electric energy demand. That is, ICT use comes with a reduction in total energy demand and an increase in the relative demand for electric over non-electric energy.
Keywords: technical change; ICT; energy demand; energy efficiency; energy mix; Green IT; cross-country cross-industry data; environmental policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O33 O44 Q41 Q43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-ict
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Journal Article: ICT and the Demand for Energy: Evidence from OECD Countries (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:zewdip:13116
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