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Skills shortage and innovation openness

Paolo Carioli and Dirk Czarnitzki

No 23-031, ZEW Discussion Papers from ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Abstract: Skills shortage has become a key policy issue in highly developed and innovation-oriented economies, with non-negligible consequences on firms' innovation activities. We investigate the effect of skills shortage on firms' innovation openness, which is considered to be one of the key drivers of innovation performance. We hypothesize that scarcity of personnel causes firms to cooperate more broadly with external partners. Using cross-sectional data from the German contribution to the Community Innovation Survey (CIS), and exploiting detailed information on the extent to which firms could fill their job vacancies, we find that, on average, a one standard deviation increase in skills shortage more than doubles a firm's cooperation breadth. We contribute to the literature on human capital in relation to open innovation by characterizing the necessity of openness as a way to mitigate the scarcity of skills.

Keywords: open innovation; R&D collaboration; skills shortage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J63 O36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-ino, nep-sbm and nep-tid
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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/275672/1/1858042682.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Skills Shortage and Innovation Openness (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: Skills Shortage and Innovation Openness (2023) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:zewdip:23031

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