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The Accuracy and Efficiency of the Consensus Forecasts: A Further Application and Extension of the Pooled Approach

Philipp Ager (), Marcus Kappler and Steffen Osterloh ()

No 07-058, ZEW Discussion Papers from ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Abstract: In this paper we analyze the macroeconomic forecasts of the Consensus Forecasts for 12 countries over the period from 1996 to 2006 regarding bias and information efficiency. A pooled approach is employed which permits the evaluation of all forecasts for each target variable over 24 horizons simultaneously. It is shown how the pooled approach needs to be adjusted in order to accommodate the forecasting scheme of the Consensus Forecasts. Furthermore, the pooled approach is extended by a sequential test with the purpose of detecting the critical horizon after which the forecast should be regarded as biased. Moreover, heteroscedasticity in the form of year-specific variances of macroeconomic shocks is taken into account. The results show that in the analyzed period which was characterized by pronounced macroeconomic shocks, several countries show biased forecasts, especially with forecasts covering more than 12 months. In addition, information efficiency has to be rejected in almost all cases.

Keywords: business cycle forecasting; forecast evaluation; Consensus Forecasts (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E37 E32 C52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-ecm, nep-for and nep-mac
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

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Journal Article: The accuracy and efficiency of the Consensus Forecasts: A further application and extension of the pooled approach (2009) Downloads
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