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Exports and productivity: Comparable evidence for 14 countries

The International Study Group on Exports and Productivity
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Sašo Polanec (), Ricardo A López, Davide Castellani (), Johannes Van Biesebroeck () and Juan A. Sanchis Llopis ()

No 07-069, ZEW Discussion Papers from ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Abstract: We use comparable micro level panel data for 14 countries and a set of identically specified empirical models to investigate the relationship between exports and productivity. Our overall results are in line with the big picture that is by now familiar from the literature: Exporters are more productive than non-exporters when observed and unobserved heterogeneity are controlled for, and these exporter productivity premia tend to increase with the share of exports in total sales; there is strong evidence in favour of self-selection of more productive firms into export markets, but nearly no evidence in favour of the learning-by-exporting hypothesis. We document that the exporter premia differ considerably across countries in identically specified empirical models. In a meta-analysis of our results we find that countries that are more open and have more effective government report higher productivity premia. However, the level of development per se does not appear to be an explanation for the observed cross-country differences.

Keywords: Exports; productivity; micro data; international comparison (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D21 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-eff and nep-int
Date: 2007
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/24654/1/dp07069.pdf (application/pdf)

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