Learning to sell in new markets: A preliminary analysis of market entry by a multinational firm
Ignatius Horstmann and
James Markusen ()
Review of International Economics, 2018, vol. 26, issue 5, 1040-1052
We consider the multinational firm's decision on whether to enter a new market immediately via direct investment or to contract initially with a local agent and (possibly) invest later. Use of a local agent allows the multinational to avoid costly mistakes by finding out if the market is large enough to support direct investment. However, the agent is able to extract information rents from the multinational due to being better informed about market characteristics. We derive the optimal sequence of agent contracts and discuss situations in which the multinational contracts initially with a local agent and then converts subsequently to an owned sales operation.
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