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Conditional convergence in per capita carbon emissions since 1900

Sefa Awaworyi Churchill, John Inekwe () and Kris Ivanovski

Applied Energy, 2018, vol. 228, issue C, 916-927

Abstract: This study examines conditional convergence in relative per capita carbon dioxide emissions by using the recently developed Residual Augmented Least Squares-Lagrange Multiplier (RALS-LM) unit root test procedure that allows for endogenously determined structural breaks. Utilising a sample of 44 developed and developing countries dating back to the beginning of the 20th century, the null hypothesis of a unit root in relative per capita carbon dioxide emissions is soundly rejected, lending support to the conditional convergence hypothesis. Also, an examination of the pre and post-World War II suggests that convergence in relative per capita carbon dioxide emissions is more pronounced over the post-World War II period as opposed to the pre-World War II period.

Keywords: Energy convergence; Unit root test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C50 Q40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.132

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