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Universal social insurance for Mexico: Modeling of a financing scheme

Arturo Antón-Sarabia (), Roy Boyd, Alejandra Elizondo and María Eugenia Ibarrarán

Economic Modelling, 2016, vol. 52, issue PB, 838-850

Abstract: The provision of social insurance (SI) for the population in many developing countries is typically uneven in terms of both coverage and financing sources. In particular, contributory SI financed through payroll taxes generally covers a wider range of services but it is only available to formal workers and their families. This paper examines the effects of introducing universal SI coverage in health, disability, and retirement for a typical, large developing country such as Mexico. Through the lens of a dynamic, computable general equilibrium model, we evaluate the economic effects of increasing the value added tax and/or eliminating subsidies to energy as alternative revenue sources for the provision of universal social insurance. Our results suggest that providing social insurance coverage for the entire population may, in this case, be feasible from a revenue point of view even when payroll taxes are eliminated. The model suggests that alternative sources for the financing of social insurance may also be efficient, and that the reallocation from energy subsidies to social insurance subsidies may be, in fact, a more sensible policy.

Keywords: Social insurance; Value added tax; Energy subsidies; Informality; Mexico (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.10.020

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