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Progressive taxation and human capital as determinants of inflation persistence

George Geronikolaou, Eleftherios Spyromitros () and Panagiotis Tsintzos

Economic Modelling, 2020, vol. 88, issue C, 82-97

Abstract: In this study, we introduce progressive taxation and human capital differences across productive sectors into a typical monetary policy game. The objective of this work is to reveal the potential short-run effects of these two typical features of economic growth on inflation dynamics. In our framework, such features act as frictions of labor mobility across sectors. We show that an increased progressivity of taxation lowers the diffusion of shocks, and in turn increases inflation persistence. Moreover, the dispersion of human capital across sectors acts as a barrier to labor mobility and thereby increasing inflation inertia through the same channel. We also empirically verify these findings by employing panel data analysis in a sample of 28 OECD countries.

Keywords: Inflation persistence; Human capital; Progressive taxation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E58 J24 L16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2019.09.011

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