Economics at your fingertips  

The gender gap in mathematics achievement: Evidence from Italian data

Dalit Contini, Maria Laura Di Tommaso and Silvia Mendolia

Economics of Education Review, 2017, vol. 58, issue C, 32-42

Abstract: Gender differences in the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics) disciplines are widespread in most OECD countries and mathematics is the only subject where girls tend to underperform with respect to boys. This paper analyses the gender gap in math test scores in Italy, which is one of the countries displaying the largest differential between boys and girls, according to the latest Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). We use data from an Italian national level learning assessment, involving children in selected grades from second to tenth, and analyse the gender gap in mathematics test scores using OLS, school fixed effects, quantile regression, metric free and dynamic pseudo-panel models. Our results show that girls systematically underperform boys, even after controlling for an array of individual and family background characteristics. The average gender gap increases with children's age, is larger among top performing children, and girls keep losing ground relative to boys when progressing in the education system.

Keywords: Math gender gap; Education; School achievement; Inequalities; Pseudo panel estimation; Quantile regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 I24 C31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Economics of Education Review is currently edited by E. Cohn

More articles in Economics of Education Review from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2018-06-15
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:58:y:2017:i:c:p:32-42