Productivity and firm boundaries
Wilhelm Kohler and
European Economic Review, 2021, vol. 135, issue C
We use property rights theory to study the effect of productivity on the trade-off between vertical integration and outsourcing at the firm-level. We develop a sharp empirical prediction that is robust across a range of property rights models, holding for single and multiple non-contractible inputs; any fixed cost difference between integration and outsourcing; and regardless of whether production is sequential or simultaneous in nature. Our prediction highlights a hitherto neglected ambiguity of the productivity effect that pushes firms towards integration in headquarter-intensive industries and towards outsourcing in supplier-intensive industries. We find considerable support for this prediction in Spanish firm-level data.
Keywords: Global sourcing; Incomplete contracts; Property rights theory; Firm productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F19 F23 L22 L23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Productivity and Firm Boundaries (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:135:y:2021:i:c:s0014292121000775
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