EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The causal impact of HACCP on seafood imports in the U.S.: An application of difference-in-differences within the gravity model

Rui Chen, Valentina Hartarska and Norbert L.W. Wilson

Food Policy, 2018, vol. 79, issue C, 166-178

Abstract: We offer a difference-in-differences (DID) approach to assess the causal effect of Hazard Analysis by Critical Control Points (HACCP), a food safety regulation, on U.S. seafood imports with a gravity model and event-specific changes. With a panel database of U.S. seafood imports from 217 partner countries from 1991 to 2006, we employ a causal framework of analysis with a “treatment group” of U.S. seafood imports and two alternative control groups (U.S. food imports outside of HACCP rules and the European Union's 15 seafood imports). Further, we assess the effects of HACCP on the intensive and extensive margins of U.S. seafood imports. Contrary to previous work, we find that HAACP implementation has no effect on the flow of U.S. seafood imports, while the estimates of the other key variables are consistent across the models seen in previous work. Thus, we find evidence that non-tariff measures like HACCP had net null effect on imports, though the distribution of imports shifted.

Keywords: Difference-in-differences; HACCP; Seafood; Trade; Gravity model; Food safety (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q17 Q18 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306919217307649
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:79:y:2018:i:c:p:166-178

Access Statistics for this article

Food Policy is currently edited by J. Kydd

More articles in Food Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2018-11-10
Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:79:y:2018:i:c:p:166-178