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Eastern Journal of European Studies

2010 - 2021

From Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University
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Volume 11(SI), month November, 2020

Editorial: Cross border cooperation and peripheral areas in Europe pp. 5-7 Downloads
Tomaz Dentinho
European integration and its effects on population in border and peripheral regions pp. 8-27 Downloads
Sofia Gouveia, Leonida Correia and Patrícia Martins
Crossing borders in higher education? A comparative case study at the intersections of EU regional and higher education policies pp. 28-46 Downloads
Alina Felder
The process of joint learning as a determinant of cross-border project management pp. 47-76 Downloads
Joanna Kurowska-Pysz
Assessing the social and cultural impacts of the European Capital of Culture programme in cross-border regions. A research agenda pp. 77-98 Downloads
Corina Turșie and Thomas Perrin
Quality of governance in the Eastern Partnership countries: the role of the EU, Russia and domestic conditions Abstract: This work is devoted to studying the quality of governance in the Eastern Partnership countries - a project of the European Union, which includes Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. We aim to understand how external and domestic conditions influence the quality of governance in this area by applying the QCA method and regression analysis. We reveal a significant influence of the EU even though many authors doubt the EU’s ability to influence countries beyond its borders that are not offered the membership. We also show that, in this case, the influence of Russia as another external actor does not contradict the influence of the EU on governance but can overlap in other sectors, an aspect which should be investigated in further research. The level of GDP, the democratic regime, the polarization of elites, ethnic fractionation and reserves of resources are significant domestic conditions for the quality of governance pp. 99-119 Downloads
Valeria Stefania Caras
The EU's multifaceted approach to resilience building in the Eastern Neighbourhood. Security sector reform in Ukraine pp. 120-145 Downloads
Edina Lilla Mészáros and Constantin Vasile Țoca
Rethinking the Governance-Governmentality-Governability nexus at the EU's Eastern Frontiers: the Carpathian Euroregion 2.0 and the future of EU-Ukrainian Cross-Border cooperation pp. 146-183 Downloads
Halyna Lytvyn and Andriy Tyushka
Developing a cross-border governance framework for the EU and Turkish border regions pp. 184-207 Downloads
Emrah Söylemez and Çiğdem Varol
Cross-Border Cooperation among South East European countries: case Kosovo pp. 208-232 Downloads
Urtak Hamiti
BOOK REVIEW: Rui Alexandre Castanho, Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) Strategies for Sustainable Development, Hershey, PA: IGI Global Abstract: Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) is one of the European Union’s key tools when it comes to territorial cooperation and engagement with its neighbours, this becoming even more relevant in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, which revealed the critical importance of international cooperation and solidarity. The 2007/2008 crisis triggered the deepest recession since the Great Depression in 1930s; however it appeared equally as a unique opportunity for the international, regional and local actors to promote sustainable solutions to tackle the crisis and to build long-term resilience. The narrative of the Global Recovery Initiative, launched by the European Union in May 2020, revolves around the idea of “building back better”, which translates in attaching transformative solutions to the recovery plan, such as the green deal or digitalization. In this context, CBC is seen as a relevant tool for enhancing stability considering its role which involves supranational process, but also regional ones. Keywords: Cross Border Cooperation, Strategies, organizational culture, Sustainable Development Pages: 233-237 pp. 233-237 Downloads
Anatolie Cărbune

Volume 11(2), month December, 2020

Labour market resilience, bottlenecks and spatial mobility in Croatia pp. 5-25 Downloads
Peter Gladoic Hakansson and Predrag Bejaković
How to measure territorial accessibility. An accessibility evaluation model applied in the European Union space pp. 26-47 Downloads
Cezar Teclean and Gabriela Drä‚gan
Does higher cash-in-hand income motivate young people to engage in under-declared employment? pp. 48-69 Downloads
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic, Colin Williams and Rodica Ianole-Cä‚lin
Terrorism - workers' remittances nexus: empirical evidence from Turkey pp. 70-93 Downloads
Yilmaz Onur Ari and Ibrahim Bello
Why workers engage in quasi-formal employment? Some lessons from Croatia pp. 94-112 Downloads
Josip Franić
Measurement of personal income tax progressivity in the post-socialist countries of Europe compared to other OECD countries pp. 113-131 Downloads
Magda Wisniewska-Kuzma
Heterogeneous VAT taxation in the Czech economy pp. 132-159 Downloads
Katerina Gawthorpe
The VaR comparison of the fresh investment toolBITCOIN with other conventional investment tools, gold, stock exchange (BIST100) and foreign currencies (EUR/USD VS TRL) pp. 160-181 Downloads
Ilhami Karahanoglu
Sensitivity of bank profitability to changing in certain internal and external variables: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina pp. 182-202 Downloads
Almir Alihodzic
Macroeconomic dynamics in China, Laos and Vietnam: a VAR analysis pp. 203-228 Downloads
Manuel Benazić and Daniel Tomić
The role of contract and relationship norms in the success of Information Technology Outsourcing pp. 229-250 Downloads
Dilek Erdogan and Nuray Tokgoz
The causal effect of education on poverty: evidence from Turkey pp. 251-265 Downloads
Ferhat Citak and Patricia A. Duffy
Entrepreneurship education programme tailored to Eastern European neighbouring countries pp. 266-287 Downloads
Dorin Festeu, Natalia Turlakova and Rodica Crudu
Consultants and firm-level innovation performances: a doubly robust estimation approach pp. 288-311 Downloads
Samuel AMPONSAH Odei, Michael AMPONSAH Odei and Henry Junior Anderson
The European Community and Yugoslavia's Non-Alignment Policy: from acceptance and collaboration to disillusionment and confrontation pp. 312-333 Downloads
Branislav Radeljic
The European Community and Yugoslavia's Non-Alignment Policy: from acceptance and collaboration to disillusionment and confrontation pp. 334-352 Downloads
Sandro Knezovic and Marco ESTEVES Lopes
Evaluating the level of economic security of the EU energy markets pp. 353-377 Downloads
Uliana Sytailo and Oksana Okhrimenko
A gentle sceptic: Martin Feldstein and the euro pp. 378-395 Downloads
Radu Şimandan
Union based on the rule of law: the Court of Justice of the European Union and the (future of) European integration pp. 396-426 Downloads
Hristina RUNCHEVA Tasev, Milena Apostolovska-Stepanoska and Leposava Ognjanoska
International migration policies in two post-communist countries: comparative evidence from Romania and Poland pp. 427-448 Downloads
Mihaela Matei, Monica Roman, Alexandru Florea and Adina Iorganda
BOOK REVIEW Peg Murray-Evans: Power in North-South Trade Negotiation. Making the European Union’s Economic Partnership Agreements. Routledge, Abingdon - New York, 2019 pp. 449-452 Downloads
Tamas Szigetvari

Volume 11(1), month June, 2020

Space justice, demographic resilience and sustainability. Revelations of the evolution of the population hierarchy of the regions of Romania from 1948 to 2011 pp. 27-44 Downloads
Tomaz Dentinho and Cristina Serbanica
Globalization and socio-economic development in post-transition European Union countries: panel causality and regression analyses Abstract: The consequences of globalization on economic growth and development have largely been debated both by scholars and policy makers. However, literature lacks a multidimensional analysis of the relationship between of all forms of globalization and the development of a country. Therefore, the purpose of the present paper is to investigate the impact of various globalization types on socio-economic development in eleven European Union (EU) states that faced the transition from a centralized to a market economy, during the period 1993-2016, with the help of Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012) causality test, Beck and Katz (1995) PCSE estimator and pooled OLS regression, considering the results of pre-tests. The empirical research revealed that economic, political and cultural globalization positively influences the socioeconomic development of all the analysed states. These findings may offer valuable information for the policy makers of the eleven economies which could enhance the development in a globalized era pp. 45-61 Downloads
Laura DIACONU (maxim) and Yilmaz Bayar
Conditional dependence between oil prices and CEE stock markets: a copula-GARCH approach Abstract: This study investigates both the constant and time-varying conditional dependency between crude oil and stock markets for the CEE countries (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, and Croatia) by using the conditional copula-GARCH model with both constant and time-varying dependence parameters in the field of energy economics. Through different copula functions, the proposed models allow specifying the joint distribution of the crude oil and CEE stock returns with full flexibility. First, from the copula models, we find that all series show fat-tail, leverage effects, and volatilities tend to cluster. Second, in both constant and timevarying copula models, we find that conditional dependence is similar for most countries, which means that a significant conditional dependence exists in all oilstock price pairs. Our findings have important implications for both policymakers and investors by contributing to a better understanding of oil-stock relationships. A significant interdependence between crue oil price and stock markets suggests that enterprises and governments in CEE regions should pay attention to the stock market performance when the oil price fluctuates pp. 62-86 Downloads
Ngo Thai Hung
RETRACTED ARTICLE: The triple (T3) dimension of systemic risk: identifying systemically important banks in Eurozone Abstract: Editor’s Note - This paper has been retracted from our journal due to bogus claims of authorship. The editors' decision is based on the evidences provided by the editorial board of the International Journal of Finance and Economics. The Statement of Retraction, together with the full text of the retracted paper, can be accessed here http://ejes.uaic.ro/articles/EJES2020_1101_DER.pdf pp. 87-122 Downloads
Abdelkader Derbali and Ali Lamouchi
A simple model of developing countries: financing the current account deficit Abstract: A stock flow consistent model provides a monetary and financial framework to macroeconomics. It clearly shows the sources of financing for investments and also answers the following questions: Where does the finance for investment come from? and How are budget and current account deficits financed? This paper presents a simple stock flow consistent model for the developing countries with current account deficits. Most of these countries seem to cover the current account deficit by public borrowing and private sector borrowing. For this purpose, the motivation of this paper is based on the state of these countries and the modelling of their position pp. 123-145 Downloads
Özgür Bayram Soylu
Application of Beneish M-score model on small and medium enterprises in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Abstract: The last two decades have witnessed high-profile corporate accounting scandals and multi billion-dollar frauds. Since then, forensic accounting has been in focus and has played a prominent role in discovering financial statement frauds. This research aims to analyze the applicability of the Beneish M-Score model on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH). Based on a sample that includes 4,580 small and medium enterprises, data will be analyzed using audited financial statements in the period from 2008 to 2015. By using independent sample t-test, correlation, and regression, it has been concluded that Beneish model is indeed applicable on the market of FBiH and aids effectively in the detection of fraud in financial statements. The study describes the comparison of different industry sectors regarding the possible manipulators and serves as a solid foundation for further research in the area of forensic accounting. Keywords: manipulative accounting, fraudulent activities, financial crime, forensic accounting, Beneish M-score Pages: 146-163 pp. 146-163 Downloads
Sanel Halilbegovic, Nedim Celebic, Ermin Cero, Elvisa Buljubasic and Anida Mekic
Managers’ perceptions on trust and knowledge transfer: evidence from Greek ISAs in South East Europe Abstract: Nowadays, cooperation through the formation of International Strategic Alliances (ISAs) has become a key strategy for many firms that expand internationally. Trust among foreign partners and knowledge transfer are identified in the literature as crucial factors for satisfactory ISA performance. This paper extends previous research (Rotsios et al., 2018, 2019) on these two important parameters. Based on aspects from the Social Exchange Theory and the Resource Based View, we explore a) the perceived level of Greek managers’ trust towards their foreign partners, and b) the perceived level of the knowledge that Greek companies have acquired from their participation in ISAs. A quantitative approach is adopted, and through a questionnaire survey, a sample of 171 Greek ISAs operating in the region of South East Europe is examined. This study contributes to International Business (IB) literature and sheds light on trust and knowledge transfer in ISAs in an underresearched region. Furthermore, this research enhances the understanding on issues related to trust among ISA partners and knowledge transfer in ISAs. In addition, it contributes to the limited number of regional IB studies. Finally, the empirical findings are discussed and managerial implications are presented, while areas for further research are also proposed pp. 164-185 Downloads
Nikolaos Sklavounos, Konstantinos Rotsios and Yannis Hajidimitriou
Brexit and the Anglosphere: an intra-industry trade opportunity for India? Abstract: The present paper outlines a functionalist approach to the complex “Brexit” phenomenon, exploring those opportunities that can be derived of it for third countries, unaware of the upheaval European scenario, as could be the case of India. In pro-Brexit approaches, The Indian Union appears as one of the most important countries of the Anglosphere area, particularly significant for a future focus of the brand-new “Global UK”, a relevant global partner in economic, trade & investment aspects. Due to the denominated “Intra-Industry Trade” (IIT), instrumented over the Global Value Chains (GVCs), which possibly constitutes one of the fundamental explanatory elements of the Global World, we have proposed an analysis of the UKIndia relations from the IIT & GVCs perspective. Therefore, in our work, we do an analysis of the evolution, situation and perspectives of this kind of trade, especially for its three main sectors: Apparel & Footwear, Electronics and Transport Vehicles. Keywords: Brexit, UK, India, Intra-Industry Trade, Global Value Chains Pages: 186-210 pp. 186-210 Downloads
Francisco Calderon Vazquez, Vikesh CHANDNANI Sukhwani and Pablo PODADERA Rivera
Why would Romanian migrants from Western Europe return to their country of origin? Abstract: After conducting a survey among Romanian individuals left abroad, we analyze the particular influences relating to their intentions to return to their country of origin. Using Data Mining classifiers, Lasso variable selection procedures and binary logistic regressions for data collected in 2018 in several Western European countries, we have found that what matters the most for their intentions to return is the plan for starting a business in Romania in the near future. This is very useful for articulating appropriate policies. Other variables corresponding to the attachment to Romania, adaptation to the current foreign country, including the perception regarding the local discrimination, economic reasons and voting behaviour could manifest particular influences on their intentions to return. It has turned out that Romanians gone abroad to Latin countries from Western Europe, who plan to start a business at home are more likely to return to Romania than the ones gone in nonLatin countries pp. 211-235 Downloads
Aurelian-Petruş Plopeanu and Daniel Homocianu
Tangible fixed assets in Czech small and middle-sized farms Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyse the development, structure and efficiency of tangible fixed assets in the Czech farms and identify the factors that affect it. The data of farms in the period of 2003 to 2018 were used and sorted by the size of these farms. This paper evaluates the proportional development between the development of the volume of the tangible fixed assets and the volume of revenues. The development of tangible fixed assets and their structure in the reference period points to the efforts of farms to invest primarily in self-farmed land is taken into consideration. It turns out that investment activities are more affected by the overall economic situation of the farm and operating subsidies than by the possibility of drawing capital support. Keywords: agriculture, tangible fixed assets, investments, small enterprises, middle enterprises Pages: 236-251 pp. 236-251 Downloads
Jana Lososová, Radek Zdeněk and Jaroslav Svoboda
The ‘Expertisation’ of European Studies. A critical perspective on discursive institutionalism Abstract: The paper puts into perspective the conceptual evolution of European Studies and one of its latest theoretically based approaches, Discursive Institutionalism. It argues that in the field of European Studies expert frameworks aiming for ‘answers’ are overshadowing the intellectual efforts striving for ‘questions’. This tendency undermines the proper identification of problems and it also erodes the effectiveness of proposed policy solutions as these recommendations lack the appropriate conceptual foundations. The paper stresses that this negative trend of ‘expertisation’ is particularly relevant nowadays, when the European Union is undoubtedly struggling with challenges of social disengagement, and that research projects are required to apply approaches that can adequately reveal people’s cognitivenormative understandings and ideationally driven praxes, as well as, most importantly, the generative causes behind EU-sceptical attitudes. Keywords: European Studies, Discursive Institutionalism, constructivism, European Union, Social disengagement Pages: 252-272 pp. 252-272 Downloads
Zoltan Grunhut
A comparative study of financial literacy, retirement planning and delinquency in payment: the Kazakhstan case Abstract: Financial knowledge is assumed to help people in making good choices in their financial attitude and behaviour. Financial literacy, retirement planning and delinquency in payment were studied in different regions of Kazakhstan in both 2015 and 2019. Questionnaires were distributed among different groups of the population. Excluding invalid and unsuitable answers for the analysis, the total number of survey responses resulted was 830 for 2015 and 983 for 2019. The authors analyzed the responses to questions regarding financial attitude/behaviour such as Retirement Planning, Delinquency in payments, and the frequency of making Money Decisions. Keywords: retirement planning, delinquency in payment, financial literacy, personal finance, Kazakhstan Pages: 273-292 pp. 273-292 Downloads
Maya Katenova and Sang HOON Lee
The official language status of English within the EU institutions after Brexit pp. 293-308 Downloads
Neriman HOCAOĞLU Bahadir
Brain drain from Romania: what do we know so far about the Romanian medical diaspora? Abstract: In recent years a considerable amount of attention has been directed to the migration of tertiary educated people. Social scientists are interested in the brain drain phenomenon, in order to understand the positive and negative effects of highlyskilled migration in the sending countries. This paper examines physician migration in Romania, a country which records in Europe one of the largest stocks of emigrated medical doctors in the last few decades. Using data from official statistics, a survey carried out among Romanian medical doctors who have migrated, as well as innovative data from LinkedIn, we provide detailed evidence on the emigration flows and trends of Romanian physicians in terms of destinations, specialties and time frame of emigration. In addition, our study sheds light on the underlying reasons for migration and on difficulties encountered in the destination country. Keywords: migration, physicians, Romania Pages: 309-334 pp. 309-334 Downloads
Alina Botezat and Andreea Moraru
Resilient organizational culture: Cluj-Napoca case study pp. 335-357 Downloads
Alexandra-Bianca Andrianu
BOOK REVIEW - Dominique WOLTON, Vive l’incommunication. La victoire de l’Europe Abstract: Dominique Wolton, in his latest book, explains that misunderstandings and misinterpretations between Europeans constitute a strength, not a weakness, for the construction of Europe, for the future of Europe. It is, in the end, a “Victory of Europe”. A victory over what, or over whom? Over itself, despite a fairly general denial, and an inability to recognize this victory. Keywords: future of Europe, construction of Europe Pages: 358-362 pp. 358-362 Downloads
Gilles Rouet
BOOK REVIEW - Bruce Riedel, Kings and Presidents. Saudi-Arabia and the United States Since FDR (Geopolitics in the 21st Century), Brookings Institution Press, 2018, ISBN: 978-0815731375 Abstract: There is a growing tendency to view the Middle East through four overarching nexuses: the terrorism-repression, the tribal-modern, the geopoliticalgeoeconomic and the money-buys-everything-social alienation. Each of these, at times all of them, have been taken to explain the unfolding trends in this expansive, ill-defined region, called the Middle East. Such broad strokes also forms the bedrock decision-makers in Europe, and beyond, utilise to make sense of, and design policies for, dealing with the complexities of the Middle East. But what if international relations scholarship and decision-makers are wrong? What if the public policy networks have misunderstood and, as a result, misrepresented the Middle East and its many cross-cutting cleavages? This would imply that the very foundations of Euro-Atlantic policies towards the region are eschew. There have been some notable attempts at correcting such policy misdirection. Bruce Riedel’s book titled SaudiArabia and the United States Since FDR is one such attempt. Keywords: terrorism-repression, tribal-modern, geopolitical-geoeconomic Pages: 363-366 pp. 363-366 Downloads
Mitchell Belfer

Volume 10(2), month December, 2019

Re-examining de Gaulle’s rejection of British membership in the European Economic Community pp. 5-18 Downloads
Alvin Adityo, Ari Anggari Harapan and Djoko Marihandono
Mainstreaming euroscepticism in European politics pp. 19-40 Downloads
Ebru Oğurlu
Rethinking the territorial cohesion in the EU: institutional and functional elements of the concept pp. 41-62 Downloads
Pablo PODADERA Rivera and Francisco Calderon Vazquez
Productivity determinants and their contributions to productivity growth in the Baltic countries before and after their entry into the European Union: a comparative industrial perspective pp. 63-88 Downloads
Toma Lankauskiene
Does a country’s business regulatory environment affect its attractiveness to FDI? Empirical evidence from Central and Southeast European countries pp. 89-105 Downloads
Mehmed Ganić and Mahir Hrnjic
Foreign borrowing, foreign direct investment inflows and economic growth in European Union transition economies pp. 107-125 Downloads
Yilmaz Bayar and Mahmut Unsal Sasmaz
A longitudinal study on the effect of entrepreneurship courses taught at the vocational colleges in Turkey on students’ entrepreneurial tendency pp. 127-161 Downloads
Bülent Arpat, Yeliz Yeşi̇l and Mehmet Levent Kocaalan
Development of metropolitan and non-metropolitan regions: growing disparities in the Europe of 28 pp. 163-174 Downloads
Julia von HANXLEDEN and Jan Wedemeier
The Visegrád Group and the railway development interest articulation in Central Eastern Europe pp. 175-195 Downloads
Bálint L. Tóth
Comparative qualitative analysis of Turkey and Estonia in the IT sector vacancies pp. 197-220 Downloads
Ufuk Bi̇ngöl, Hakan Mete and Yılmaz Özkan
Day-of-the-week and month-of-the-year effects on French Small-Cap Volatility: the role of asymmetry and long memory pp. 221-248 Downloads
Mohamed Chikhi, Ali Bendob and Ahmed Ramzi Siagh
The Central Bank of Turkey’s response to the global currency markets pp. 249-262 Downloads
Onur Akkaya, Mustafa Özer and Özcan Özkan
The link between financial capital movements and the exchange rate in Turkey pp. 263-281 Downloads
Özcan Karahan and Olcay Çolak
BOOK REVIEW - Călin Emilian HINȚEA, Marius Constantin PROFIROIU, Tudor Cristian ȚICLĂU (eds.), Strategic planning in local communities. A cross-national study in 7 countries pp. 283-285 Downloads
Bogdan Andrei Moldovan
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