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Measuring Science, Technology, and Innovation: A Review

Bronwyn Hall and Adam Jaffe ()

Annals of Science and Technology Policy, 2018, vol. 2, issue 1, 1-74

Abstract: The measurement of scientific, technological, and innovative activities (STI) in the economy is an increasing challenge faced by statistical agencies around the world. In this review, we survey the current state of the art.We discuss the concept of indicators, their quality and use, and present a schematic model of the STI system that can help us identify gaps in the set of indicators commonly in use. We then review the developments in STI measurement that have taken place in the rest of the world, particularly the widespread use of innovation surveys. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the measurement gaps and issues in the U.S., which we identify as innovation (especially in the service sector), non-R&D investment related to innovation, data timeliness, data linkages, measurement related to public policy goals, and the sources of capital for innovation.

Keywords: Science policy; Indicators; R&D; Innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O30 O32 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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