EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Immigrants and the Making of America

Sandra Sequeira, Nathan Nunn () and Nancy Qian ()

Review of Economic Studies, 2020, vol. 87, issue 1, 382-419

Abstract: We study the effects of European immigration to the U.S. during the Age of Mass Migration (1850–1920) on economic prosperity. Exploiting cross-county variation in immigration that arises from the interaction of fluctuations in aggregate immigrant flows and of the gradual expansion of the railway network, we find that counties with more historical immigration have higher income, less poverty, less unemployment, higher rates of urbanization, and greater educational attainment today. The long-run effects seem to capture the persistence of short-run benefits, including greater industrialization, increased agricultural productivity, and more innovation.

Keywords: Immigration; Historical persistence; Economic development; B52; F22; N72; O10; O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (12) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/restud/rdz003 (application/pdf)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
Working Paper: Immigrants and the making of America (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oup:restud:v:87:y:2020:i:1:p:382-419.

Access Statistics for this article

Review of Economic Studies is currently edited by Andrea Prat, Bruno Biais, Kjetil Storesletten and Enrique Sentana

More articles in Review of Economic Studies from Oxford University Press
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Oxford University Press () and Christopher F. Baum ().

 
Page updated 2021-06-15
Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:87:y:2020:i:1:p:382-419.