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Účinnost rodinné politiky v České republice

Effectiveness of Family Policy in the Czech Republic

Lucie Kábelová and Markéta Arltová

Politická ekonomie, 2020, vol. 2020, issue 6, 679-694

Abstract: The objective of this study is to estimate effects of tax family benefits, social family benefits, availability of kindergartens and economic situation on fertility in the Czech Republic. The data cover the period 1993-2018 and come from the Czech Statistical Office and Czech legislation. The relationship between the variables and the total fertility rate as the dependent variable was analysed using regression analysis. The results show that fertility is positively affected by the supply of kindergartens and social family benefits. On the other hand, higher unemployment as an indicator of unfavourable economic situation decreases fertility. The effect of tax benefits was not statistically significant, which is not surprising, because tax family benefits are much lower in comparison with social family benefits. The model is limited by the number of variables and the number of observations; therefore, the model results should be taken as signals, not as definite answers.

Keywords: tax policy; social policy; family policy; fertility; Czech Republic; ADL model; EC model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 D69 H24 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.18267/j.polek.1299

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