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The Monetary Causes of Inflation in Romania

Cristian Paun () and Mihai Vladimir Topan ()

Journal for Economic Forecasting, 2013, issue 1, 5-23

Abstract: Inflation is considered one of the most sensitive macroeconomic phenomena in modern economies (inducing significant distorsions in the productive structure of the economy and social injustice in the market). Three of the most important theories that explain the nature and the causes of inflation are: the Keynesian approach that considers inflation as an effect of higher costs or as one of the demand side (an increase in money supply, according to Keynes, will lead to an increase in the volume of transactions due to an extra demand that will push the economy closer to full employment); the monetarist approach (starting with Fisher) that approximates inflation through an index of prices and considers it a result of changes in the velocity of money, transactions volume and the money supply (M x V = p x T); and the Austrian approach that defines inflation exclusively as a monetary phenomenon and a result of expansionary monetary policies of the Central Banks. Based on these main theories, the present paper analyzes the relationship between broad money dynamics and CPI, in order to ilustrate the monetary causes of inflation in Romania.

Keywords: inflation; monetary policy; central bank; broad money (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E41 E58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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