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Does inequality hamper innovation and growth? An AB-SFC analysis

Alessandro Caiani (), Alberto Russo and Mauro Gallegati ()
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Alessandro Caiani: University of Pavia

Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 2019, vol. 29, issue 1, 177-228

Abstract: Abstract We propose to analyze the relationship between inequality and economic development by means of an Agent Based-Stock Flow Consistent model where workers have been differentiated into four classes competing on segmented labor markets, and where firms’ demand for each type of worker is affected by their hierarchical organization. In order to account for the impact of income and wealth distribution on consumption patterns, worker classes have diversified average propensities to consume and save. Finally, firms in the capital sector invest in R&D, thus possibly coming to produce more productive vintages of machineries, which affect the evolution of labor productivity in the consumption sector. The model is calibrated using realistic values for the income and wealth distribution across different income groups and their average propensities to consume. Results of the simulation experiments suggest that more progressive tax schemes and measures that sustain the dynamics of wages of low and middle level workers concur to foster economic development and to reduce inequality. However, the latter seem to be more effective under both respects. Therefore, the model results are broadly in line with the literature suggesting the prevalence of wage-led growth regimes in closed economic systems. In the conclusions we discuss current limitations and future development of the present research.

Keywords: Innovation; Inequality; Agent based macroeconomics; Stock flow consistent models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C63 D31 E30 E25 H23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:spr:joevec:v:29:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s00191-018-0554-8