The geography of EU discontent
Hugo Poelman and
Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ()
Regional Studies, 2020, vol. 54, issue 6, 737-753
Support for parties opposed to European Union (EU) integration has risen rapidly, and a wave of discontent has taken over the EU. This discontent is purportedly driven by the very factors behind the surge of populism: differences in age, wealth, education, or economic and demographic trajectories. This paper maps the geography of EU discontent across more than 63,000 electoral districts in the EU-28 and assesses which factors push anti-EU voting. The results show that the anti-EU vote is mainly a consequence of local economic and industrial decline in combination with lower employment and a less educated workforce. Many of the other suggested causes of discontent, by contrast, matter less than expected, or their impact varies depending on levels of opposition to European integration.
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Working Paper: The geography of EU discontent (2019)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:taf:regstd:v:54:y:2020:i:6:p:737-753
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