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The geography of EU discontent

Lewis Dijkstra, Hugo Poelman and Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ()

No 14040, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Support for parties opposed to EU-integration has risen rapidly and a wave of discontent has taken over the EU. This discontent is purportedly driven by the very factors behind the surge of populism: differences in age, wealth, education, or economic and demographic trajectories. This paper maps the geography of EU discontent across more than 63,000 electoral districts in the EU-28 and assesses which factors push anti-EU voting. The results show that anti-EU vote is mainly a consequence of local economic and industrial decline in combination with lower employment and a less educated workforce. Many of the other suggested causes of discontent, by contrast, matter less than expected or their impact varies depending on levels of opposition to European integration.

Keywords: Anti-Europeanism; anti-system voting; economic decline; education; European Union; industrial decline; migration; populism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-geo and nep-ure
Date: 2019-10
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