EMPLOYMENT IMPACT OF CLEANER PRODUCTION ON THE FIRM LEVEL: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM A SURVEY IN FIVE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Klaus Rennings () and
Thomas Zwick ()
Additional contact information
Klaus Rennings: Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), P.O. Box 103443, D-68034 Mannheim, Germany
International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), 2002, vol. 06, issue 03, 319-342
This paper analyses the determinants of employment reactions of firms where environmentally friendly innovations (eco-innovations) were carried out. The data stem from a telephone survey covering more than 1500 firms in five European countries that have recently introduced eco-innovations. We found that product and service innovations create more jobs than process innovations. Moreover, employment impacts differ depending on the intended goals of the innovations. If products and processes are motivated by the goal of cost reduction, they tend to reduce employment. If they are motivated by market share goals, effects can be positive or negative depending on the success of the strategy the firm is following. With respect to skill-biased technogical change, eco-innovations do not differ from other innovations. So, environmental innovations have a small but positive net effect on employment. Thus, environmental support programmes do not counteract labour market policy. A further shift from end-of-pipe technologies to cleaner production, especially towards product and service innovations, would be beneficial for the environment and create jobs.
Keywords: Cleaner production; environmental technologies; innovation; labour demand (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (23) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers
Working Paper: The employment impact of cleaner production on the firm level: empirical evidence from a survey in five European countries (2001)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:wsi:ijimxx:v:06:y:2002:i:03:n:s1363919602000604
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim) is currently edited by Joe Tidd
More articles in International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim) from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tai Tone Lim ().