Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP
Eirini Andriopoulou () and
A chapter in Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility, 2015, vol. 23, pp 23-70 from Emerald Publishing Ltd
Abstract The paper analyses the effects of individual and household characteristics on current poverty status, while controlling for initial conditions, past poverty status and unobserved heterogeneity in 14 European countries for the period 1994–2001, using the European Community Household Panel. The distinction between true state dependence and individual heterogeneity has important policy implications, since if the former is the main cause of poverty it may be crucial to break the ‘vicious circle’ of poverty using income-supporting social policies, whereas if it is the latter anti-poverty policies should focus primarily on education, training, development of personal skills and other labour market oriented policies. The empirical results are similar in qualitative terms but rather different in quantitative terms across the EU countries covered in the paper. State dependence remains significant in all model specifications, even after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity or when removing possible endogeneity bias. Higher poverty rates and higher poverty persistence are associated with particular welfare state regimes, although the link is substantially weakened when other explanatory variables are included in the analysis.
Keywords: Poverty dynamics; state-dependence; initial conditions; EU; I32; I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Once poor, always poor? Do initial conditions matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2011)
Working Paper: Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2011)
Working Paper: Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2010)
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