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Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP

Eirini Andriopoulou () and Panos Tsakloglou

No 5971, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The paper analyzes the effects of individual and household characteristics on current poverty status, while controlling for initial conditions, past poverty status and unobserved heterogeneity in 14 European Countries for the period 1994-2000, using the European Community Household Panel. The distinction between true state dependence and individual heterogeneity has very important policy implications, since if the former is the main cause of poverty it is of paramount importance to break the "vicious circle" of poverty using income-supporting social policies, whereas if it is the latter anti-poverty policies should focus primarily on education, training, development of personal skills and other labour market oriented policies. The empirical results are similar in qualitative but rather different in quantitative terms across EU countries. State dependence remains significant in all specifications, even after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity or when removing possible endogeneity bias.

Keywords: poverty dynamics; EU; ECHP (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2011-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-hme
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in Research on Economic Inequality Vol. 23 "Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility" (eds T.I. Garner and K.S. Short), 2015, pp 23-70

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Related works:
Chapter: Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Once poor, always poor? Do initial conditions matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP (2010) Downloads
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