Air Quality Warnings and Temporary Driving Bans: Evidence from Air Pollution, Car Trips, and Mass-Transit Ridership in Santiago
Nathaly Rivera ()
No 2019-06, Working Papers from University of Alaska Anchorage, Department of Economics
Driving restrictions are a common governmental strategy to reduce airborne pollution and traffic congestion in many cities of the world. Using high-frequency data on air pollution, car trips, and mass-transit systems ridership, I evaluate the effectiveness of temporary driving bans triggered by air quality warnings in Santiago, Chile. I employ a fuzzy regression discontinuity design that uses the thresholds in the air quality index used to announce these warnings as instruments for their announcement. Results show that these temporary bans reduce car trips by 6-9% during peak hours, and by 7-8% during off-peak hours. This is consistent with air pollution reductions during peak hours, and with increases in the use of Santiago's mass-transit systems during hours the systems run with excess capacity. Increments in mass-transit ridership uncover the importance of alternatives modes of transportation in securing the effectiveness of temporary driving bans.
Keywords: Air Pollution; Pollution Alerts; Environmental Episodes; Driving Restrictions; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q52 Q53 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-lam, nep-reg, nep-tre and nep-ure
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Working Paper: The Effectiveness of Temporary Driving Restrictions: Evidence from Air Pollution, Vehicle Flows, and Mass-Transit Users in Santiago (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ala:wpaper:2019-06
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