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BigTech and the changing structure of financial intermediation

Jon Frost (), Leonardo Gambacorta (), Yi Huang, Hyun Song Shin and Pablo Zbinden

No 779, BIS Working Papers from Bank for International Settlements

Abstract: We consider the drivers and implications of the growth of "BigTech" in finance - ie the financial services offerings of technology companies with established presence in the market for digital services. BigTech firms often start with payments. Thereafter, some expand into the provision of credit, insurance, and savings and investment products, either directly or in cooperation with financial institution partners. Focusing on credit, we show that BigTech firms lend more in countries with less competitive banking sectors and less stringent regulation. Analysing the case of Argentina, we find support for the hypothesis that BigTech lenders have an information advantage in credit assessment relative to a traditional credit bureau. For borrowers in both Argentina and China, we find that firms that accessed credit expanded their product offerings more than those that did not. It is too early to judge the extent of BigTech's eventual advance into the provision of financial services. However, the early evidence allows us to pose pertinent questions that bear on their impact on financial stability and overall economic welfare.

Keywords: BigTech; FinTech; credit markets; data; technology; network effects; regulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E51 G23 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 45 pages
Date: 2019-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac and nep-pay
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10) Track citations by RSS feed

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