Fertility and Mothers' Labor Supply: New Evidence Using Time-to-Conception
Claudia Hupkau and
Marion Leturcq ()
CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE
We analyze the impact of children on their mothers' labor market outcomes in the UK. We use time-to-conception of the first child as an exogenous variation in the probability of having more children. We find that having more children decreases the propensity to work in long part-time jobs but does not reduce participation for high- and intermediate-skilled mothers. For low skilled women, the impact on participation is large and negative. We show that the selection into having a second child is positive for for low-skilled mothers and negative for high-skilled and intermediate-skilled mothers. Women most attached to the labor market are also those that tend to have only one child among high- and intermediate-skilled women. The reverse is true for low-skilled women: those least attached to the labor market are also less likely to have a second child. This appears to be driven by unobserved attributes that negatively affect both labor market outcomes and the likelihood to remain in a relationship with the father of the first child, which in turn negatively affects the probability to have a second child.
Keywords: labor force supply of women; infertility shocks; time-to-conception; causal impact (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J21 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-lma
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Working Paper: Fertility and mothers’ labor supply: new evidence usingtime-to-conception (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1463
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