Relocation of the Rich: Migration in Response to Top Tax Rate Changes from Spanish Reforms
David Agrawal () and
No 7027, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich
A recent Spanish tax reform granted regions the authority to set income tax rates, resulting in substantial tax differentials. We use individual-level information from Social Security records over a period of one decade. Conditional on moving, taxes have a significant effect on location choice. A one percent increase in the net of tax rate for a region relative to others increases the probability of moving to that region by 1.7 percentage points. Focusing on the stock of top-taxpayers, we estimate an elasticity of the number of top taxpayers with respect to net-of-tax rates of 0.85. Using this elasticity, a theoretical model implies that the mechanical increase in tax revenue due to higher tax rates is larger than the loss in tax revenue from the out-ow of migration.
Keywords: migration; taxes; mobility; rich; fiscal decentralization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H24 H31 H73 J61 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-lab, nep-mig, nep-pbe and nep-ure
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Journal Article: Relocation of the Rich: Migration in Response to Top Tax Rate Changes from Spanish Reforms (2019)
Working Paper: Relocation of the rich: migration in response to top tax rate changes from Spanish reforms (2018)
Working Paper: Relocation of the Rich: Migration in Response to Top Tax Rate Changes from Spanish Reforms (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ces:ceswps:_7027
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