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Killing social leaders for territorial control: the unintended consequences of peace

Mounu Prem, Andrés Rivera (), Darío Romero () and Juan Vargas

Documentos de Trabajo LACEA from The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA

Abstract: Incomplete peace agreements may inadvertently increase insecurity if they trigger violent territorial contestation. We study the unintended consequences of the Colombian peace process and find that the permanent ceasefire declared by the FARC insurgency during peace negotiations with the government triggered a surge in the targeting of local community leaders. Leaders were killed by armed groups excluded from the peace process to thwart collective action and civilian mobilization, thus consolidating their dominance in formerly FARC-controlled areas. These results are exacerbated in places with judicial inefficiency and where peasants dispossessed during the conflict have started administrative process to reclaim their land.

Keywords: Social leaders; Peace process; Armed conflict; Territorial control (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 D74 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm
Date: 2018-12-13
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Working Paper: Killing Social Leaders for Territorial Control: The Unintended Consequences of Peace (2018) Downloads
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