Credit Shocks, Employment Protection, and Growth: Firm-level Evidence from Spain
Luc Laeven (),
Peter McAdam and
Alexander Popov ()
No 13026, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
We offer new evidence on the real effects of credit shocks in the presence of employment protection regulations by exploiting a unique provision in Spanish labor laws: dismissal rules are less stringent for Spanish firms with fewer than 50 employees, lowering the cost of hiring new workers. Using a new dataset, we find that during the financial crisis, healthy firms with fewer than 50 employees borrowing from troubled banks grew faster in sectors where capital and labor were sufficiently substitutable. This result does not obtain when we use a different cut-off for Spain or the same cut-off for firms in Germany. Our evidence suggests that labor market flexibility can dampen the negative effect of credit shocks by allowing firms to keep growing by substituting labor for capital.
Keywords: capital-labor substitution; credit crunch; employment protection; Firm Growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D20 G21 J80 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Credit shocks, employment protection, and growth: firm-level evidence from Spain (2018)
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