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Growth Firms and Relationship Finance: A Capital Structure Approach

Roman Inderst and Vladimir Vladimirov

No 13640, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We analyze how relationship finance, such as venture capital and relationship lending, affects growth firm's capital structure choices. We show that relationship investors that obtain a strong bargaining position due to their privileged information about the firm, optimally cash in on their dominance by pushing it to finance follow-up investments with equity. The firm underinvests if its owner refuses to accept the associated dilution. However, this problem is mitigated if the firm's initial relationship financing involves high leverage or offers initial investors preferential treatment in liquidation. By contrast, if initial investors are unlikely to gain a dominant position, firms optimally lever up only in later rounds. Our implications for relationship and venture capital financing highlight that the degree of investor dominance is of key importance for growth firm's capital structure decisions.

Keywords: dominant investors; equity financing; Financial contracting; Relationship Financing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn and nep-ent
Date: 2019-04
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