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Partisan Impacts on the Economy: Evidence from Prediction Markets and Close Elections

Erik Snowberg, Justin Wolfers () and Eric Zitzewitz ()

No 5591, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Political economists interested in discerning the effects of election outcomes on the economy have been hampered by the problem that economic outcomes also influence elections. We sidestep these problems by analyzing movements in economic indicators caused by clearly exogenous changes in expectations about the likely winner during election day. Analyzing high frequency financial fluctuations on November 2 and 3 in 2004, we find that markets anticipated higher equity prices, interest rates and oil prices and a stronger dollar under a Bush presidency than under Kerry. A similar Republican-Democrat differential was also observed for the 2000 Bush-Gore contest. Prediction market based analyses of all Presidential elections since 1880 also reveal a similar pattern of partisan impacts, suggesting that electing a Republican President raises equity valuations by 2-3 percent, and that since Reagan, Republican Presidents have tended to raise bond yields.

Keywords: elections; event study; partisan effects; political economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 E3 E6 G13 G14 H6 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-fin, nep-fmk, nep-mac, nep-pbe and nep-pol
Date: 2006-04
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Related works:
Journal Article: Partisan Impacts on the Economy: Evidence from Prediction Markets and Close Elections (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Partisan Impacts on the Economy: Evidence from Prediction Markets and Close Elections (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Partisan impacts on the economy: evidence from prediction markets and close elections (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Partisan Impacts on the Economy: Evidence from Prediction Markets and Close Elections (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Partisan Impacts on the Economy: Evidence from Prediction Markets and Close Elections (2006) Downloads
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