Climate Variability and International Migration: The Importance of the Agricultural Linkage
Ruohong Cai (),
Shuaizhang Feng (),
Mariola Pytlikova () and
Additional contact information
Ruohong Cai: Princeton University
Michael Oppenheimer: Princeton University
No 1418, CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London
While there is considerable interest in understanding the climate-migration relationship, particularly in the context of concerns about global climatic change, little is known about underlying mechanisms. We analyze a unique and extensive set of panel data characterizing annual bilateral international migration flows from 163 origin countries to 42 OECD destination countries covering the last three decades. We find a positive and statistically significant relationship between temperature and international outmigration only in the most agriculture-dependent countries, consistent with the widely-documented adverse impact of temperature on agricultural productivity. In addition, migration flows to current major destinations are especially temperature-sensitive. Policies to address issues related to climate-induced international migration would be more effective if focused on the agriculture-dependent countries and especially people in those countries whose livelihoods depend on agriculture.
Keywords: International migration; Climate variability; Agricultural productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-eff, nep-env, nep-int and nep-mig
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Climate variability and international migration: The importance of the agricultural linkage (2016)
Working Paper: Climate Variability and International Migration: The Importance of the Agricultural Linkage (2014)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:crm:wpaper:1418
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CReAM Administrator ().