Displacement Effects in Manufacturing and Structural Change
Alice Kuegler () and
Uta Schoenberg ()
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Alice Kuegler: Central European University
Uta Schoenberg: University College London
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Alice Kügler
No 2313, CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London
We investigate the consequences of structural change for workers displaced from the manufacturing sector. Manufacturing establishments traditionally employed low- and high-wage workers in similar proportions and paid substantial wage premiums to both types of workers. Structural change has led to the disappearance of these jobs, particularly for low-wage workers. Decomposing displacement wage losses, we show that low-wage workers suffer considerable losses in establishment premiums following displacement, whereas high-wage workers tend to fall down the match quality ladder. With ongoing structural change, losses in wages and establishment premiums have increased over time, especially for low-wage workers, in part because they are increasingly forced to switch to low knowledge service jobs where establishment premiums are low. Our findings further highlight that structural change and layoffs in manufacturing have significantly contributed to job polarization and the rise in assortative matching of workers to firms.
Keywords: : structural change; manufacturing decline; displaced workers; cost of job loss; human capital; firm rents (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J24 J31 J63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-tid
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Working Paper: Displacement Effects in Manufacturing and Structural Change (2023)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:crm:wpaper:2313
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