EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade

Joseph Shapiro and Reed Walker ()

No 1982R4, Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers from Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University

Abstract: Between 1990 and 2008, air pollution emissions from U.S. manufacturing fell by 60 percent despite a substantial increase in manufacturing output. We show that these emissions reductions are primarily driven by within-product changes in emissions intensity rather than changes in output or in the composition of products produced. We then develop and estimate a quantitative model linking trade with the environment to better understand the economic forces driving these changes. Our estimates suggest that the implicit pollution tax that manufacturers face doubled between 1990 and 2008. These changes in environmental regulation, rather than changes in productivity and trade, account for most of the emissions reductions.

Keywords: Cap-and-trade; Market-based instruments; NOx Budget Program; Pollution; Productivity; Trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F18 F64 H23 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-01, Revised 2018-06
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://cowles.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/pub/d19/d1982-r4.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Why Is Pollution from US Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade (2015) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1982r4

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
Cowles Foundation, Yale University, Box 208281, New Haven, CT 06520-8281 USA
The price is None.

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers from Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University Yale University, Box 208281, New Haven, CT 06520-8281 USA. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Matthew Regan ().

 
Page updated 2019-04-20
Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1982r4