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Male reproductive health, fairness and optimal policies

Johanna Etner, Natacha Raffin and Thomas Seegmuller

No 2018-32, EconomiX Working Papers from University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX

Abstract: Based on epidemiological evidence, we consider an economy where agents differ through their ability to procreate. Households with impaired fertility may incur health expenditures to increase their chances of parenthood. This health heterogeneity generates welfare inequalities that deserve to be ruled out. We explore three different criteria of social evaluation in the long-run: the utilitarian approach, which considers the wellbeing of all households, the ex-ante egalitarian criterion, which considers the expected well-being of the worst-off social group, and the ex-post egalitarian one, which only considers the realized well-being of the worstoff. In an overlapping generations model, we propose a set of economic instruments to decentralize each solution. To correct for the externality and inequalities, both a preventive (a taxation of capital) and a redistributive policy are required.

Keywords: Reproductive health; Fairness; Egalitarianism; Optimal policy; OLG model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 I31 H23 D63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge
Date: 2018
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