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Male Reproductive Health, Fairness and Optimal Policies

Johanna Etner, Natacha Raffin () and Thomas Seegmuller ()
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Thomas Seegmuller: GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales

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Abstract: Based on epidemiological evidence, we consider an economy where agents differ through their ability to procreate. Households with impaired fertility may incur health expenditures to increase their chances of parenthood. This health heterogeneity generates welfare inequalities that deserve to be ruled out. We explore three different criteria of social evaluation in the long-run: the utilitarian approach, which considers the well- being of all households, the ex-ante egalitarian criterion, which considers the expected well-being of the worst-off social group, and the ex-post egalitarian one, which only considers the realized well-being of the worst- off. In an overlapping generations model, we propose a set of economic instruments to decentralize each solution. To correct for the externality and inequalities, both a preventive (a taxation of capital) and a redistributive policy are required.

Keywords: OLG model; optimal policy; reproductive health; fairness; egalitarianism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge
Date: 2018-05
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01798983
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Working Paper: Male Reproductive Health, Fairness and Optimal Policies (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Male reproductive health, fairness and optimal policies (2018) Downloads
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