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Does Wage Dispersion Make All Firms Productive?

Mélanie Volral, Francois Rycx () and Benoît Mahy

No 11-08, DULBEA Working Papers from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: This article puts the relationship between wage dispersion and firm productivity to an updated test, taking advantage of access to detailed Belgian linked employer-employee panel data. Controlling for simultaneity issues, time-invariant workplace characteristics and dynamics in the adjustment process of productivity, empirical results reveal the existence of a positive impact from conditional intra-firm wage dispersion to firm productivity (measured by the average value added per hour worked), which however decreases for higher dispersion levels. Findings thus suggest that the incentive effect of wage dispersion, predicted for instance by the ‘tournament’ model, dominates ‘fairness’ and/or ‘sabotage’ considerations. Further results reveal that the influence of wage dispersion on firm productivity is stronger among firms with a larger proportion of highly skilled workers but does not depend on whether wages are collectively renegotiated at the firm level.

Keywords: Wage Dispersion; Labour Productivity; Personnel Economics; Matched Employer-Employee Panel Data. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 J31 M50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 48 p.
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eff and nep-lab
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https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/89489/1/11-08MahyRycxVolralWP.pdf 11-08Mahy Rycx Volral WP (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: DOES WAGE DISPERSION MAKE ALL FIRMS PRODUCTIVE? (2011)
Working Paper: Does Wage Dispersion Make All Firms Productive? (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Wage Dispersion Make All Firms Productive? (2011) Downloads
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