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Prospects for Skills-Based Export Growth in a Labour-Abundant, Resource-Rich Economy: Indonesia in Comparative Perspective

Ian Coxhead and Muqun Li ()

Staff Paper Series from University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics

Abstract: In an integrated global economy, specialisation in trade is an increasingly prominent strategy. A labour-abundant, resource-rich economy like Indonesia faces stiff competition for labourintensive manufactures; meanwhile, rapid growth in demand for resources from China and India exposes it to the 'curse' of resource wealth. This diminishes prospects for more diversified growth based on renewable resources like human capital. Using an international panel data set we explore the influence of resource wealth, foreign direct investment, and human capital on the share of skill-intensive products in total exports. FDI and human capital increase this share; resource wealth diminishes it. We use the results to compare Indonesia with Thailand and Malaysia. Indonesia's reliance on skill-intensive exports would have been higher had it achieved higher levels of FDI and skills. Indonesia's performance in accumulating these endowments, and its relative resource abundance, impede diversification in production and trade. Finally, we discuss policy lessons and options.

JEL-codes: F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-cwa, nep-dev, nep-hrm and nep-sea
References: Add references at CitEc
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Working Paper: Prospects for Skills-Based Export Growth in a Labour-Abundant, Resource-Rich Economy: Indonesia in Comparative Perspective (2008) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecl:wisagr:524

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