Monetary Policy Options at the Effective Lower Bound: Assessing the Federal Reserve's Current Policy Toolkit
Etienne Gagnon (),
Diego Vilan and
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Hess Chung: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
Matthias Paustian: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
No 2019-003, Finance and Economics Discussion Series from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
We simulate the FRB/US model and a number of statistical models to quantify some of the risks stemming from the effective lower bound (ELB) on the federal funds rate and to assess the efficacy of adjustments to the federal funds rate target, balance sheet policies, and forward guidance to provide monetary policy accommodation in the event of a recession. Over the next decade, our simulations imply a roughly 20 to 50 percent probability that the federal funds rate will be constrained by the ELB at some point. We also find that forward guidance and balance sheet polices of the kinds used in response to the Global Financial Crisis are modestly effective in speeding up the labor market recovery and return of inflation to 2 percent following an economic slump. However, these policies have only small effects in limiting the initial rise in the unemployment rate during a recession because of transmission lags. As with any model-based analysis, we also discuss a number of c aveats regarding our results.
Keywords: Effective lower bound; Federal Reserve balance sheets; Forward guidance; Large-scale asset purchases; Monetary policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 E52 E31 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2019-03
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