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Debt, inflation and central bank independence

Fernando Martin

No 2013-017, Working Papers from Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Abstract: Making the central bank more independent from political pressures lowers inflation and increases the primary deficit, persistently. In the long-run, however, fiscal considerations are paramount and inflation comes back up to accommodate the higher financial burden of accumulated public debt. Endowing instead the central bank with an explicit inflation target lowers long-run inflation and implies non-trivial welfare gains for private agents. Inflation-targeting has the added virtue of determining the primary deficit independently of political frictions. The theory helps explain several key developments in postwar U.S. policy.

Keywords: Debt; Inflation (Finance); Banks and banking, Central (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-mon
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7)

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Related works:
Journal Article: Debt, inflation and central bank independence (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Debt, Inflation and Central Bank Independence (2012) Downloads
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